A Multilevel Multimodal Fusion Transformer for Remote Sensing Semantic Segmentation


Accurate semantic segmentation of remote sensing data plays a crucial role in the success of geoscience research and applications. Recently, multimodal fusion-based segmentation models have attracted much attention due to their outstanding performance as compared to conventional single-modal techniques. However, most of these models perform their fusion operation using convolutional neural networks (CNN) or the vision transformer (Vit), resulting in insufficient local-global contextual modeling and representative capabilities. In this work, a multilevel multimodal fusion scheme called FTransUNet is proposed to provide a robust and effective multimodal fusion backbone for semantic segmentation by integrating both CNN and Vit into one unified fusion framework. Firstly, the shallow-level features are first extracted and fused through convolutional layers and shallow-level feature fusion (SFF) modules. After that, deep-level features characterizing semantic information and spatial relationships are extracted and fused by a well-designed Fusion Vit (FVit). It applies Adaptively Mutually Boosted Attention (Ada-MBA) layers and Self-Attention (SA) layers alternately in a three-stage scheme to learn cross-modality representations of high inter-class separability and low intra-class variations. Specifically, the proposed Ada-MBA computes SA and Cross-Attention (CA) in parallel to enhance intra- and cross-modality contextual information simultaneously while steering attention distribution towards semantic-aware regions. As a result, FTransUNet can fuse shallow-level and deep-level features in a multilevel manner, taking full advantage of CNN and transformer to accurately characterize local details and global semantics, respectively. Extensive experiments confirm the superior performance of the proposed FTransUNet compared with other multimodal fusion approaches on two fine-resolution remote sensing datasets, namely ISPRS Vaihingen and Potsdam. The source code in this work is available at https://github.com/sstary/SSRS.

IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing,2024
Xiaokang Zhang
Xiaokang Zhang

My research interests include remote sensing, computer vision and deep learning.